S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.01 (1992)
영국의 첨단기술 산업정책과 지역정책
Industrial Policy and Regional Policy for the Development of High-Tech Industry in U.K
- 박삼옥; 임정덕
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.01 No.1, pp. 249-282
- The inauguration of conservative cabinet headed by Thatcher,M. in 1979 had brought the major policy changes in the area of regional development. The Tory government, believed in the liberal economic policy based on the notion of free market, supported the technological development and innovation initiated by the regional industry instead of fiancial aid to the stagnating region. Accordingly, the construction of science park in the U.K had been cheered in the 1985 by the local government, unversities, and public institutes. But, in general, the policy aim of securing the job stability and realizing the balanced development on the nationl level has not been succesfully achieved. In fact, high-tech industries agglomerated only in the western crescent region around the metropolitan London. Therefore the region, where technical and information infrastructures for the high-tech industries had been already accumulated, was in better position to pursue high-tech industrial development compared with the regions surrounding newly constructed science parks. In addition, the “science park island” separated from the regional society has brought forth the disfunction of precipitating the polarization of local community and hazarding the diffusion of technological progress.