북 아프리카의 사회변화와 문화적 정체의식의 갈등 - 한 농촌 공동체의 민족지적 사례
Social Change in Nothern African Society and The Conflict of Cultural Identities-an ethnographical study of a rural cummunity

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서울대학교 지역종합연구소
지역연구, vol.02(3), pp.255-294
Today's Nothern African societies, which have had a long history of relationship with
European societies, are making considerable effort to constitute their own self-identity,
especially after their experience of European colonial period.
This study starts with a brief observation over socio-economic transition in a region of
Saharian deserts. Deficiency of raw material and growing population in this region forced
male adults to go to Europe searching for means of their family's living. They have worked
in European cities since late 1950s. Revenue earned there were reinvested for new house
construction and other economic porjects in their native place. So they could make rapid
change of their environments. Economical and educational environment having been changed,
the inhabitants now come to need a new frame of identity and social relationship.
Categories forming people's identity like 'nomadic' people or 'sedentary' people named
according to their modes of living and like 'Arabic people' or 'Berber people' named by
ethnic determination are not fixed. The inhabitants now attempt to take various ways
which may impose diverse identities on themselves under their rapidly changing
environment. In this context, an Islamic chaple which bas been a symbol of selfconsciousness
of the inhabitants since ancient times is being reinterpreted and taking an
important part of intermediation in the process of continuance and rupture between
authentic Islam and their regional tradition.
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.02 (1993)
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