S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.12 (2003)
포스트 55년체제의 정치적 균열구조와 정책 변화 - 헌법개정 문제를 중심으로
Political Cleavages and Policy Change after the Demise of the 1955 System in Japan
- 이갑윤; 김장권; 김세걸
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제대학원
- 국제지역연구, Vol.12 No.2, pp. 1-23
- 포스트 55년체제; 헌법개정; 군사적 국제공헌; 수상공선제; constitutional revision; international contribution; military rearmament; globalization; prime minister
- Through a case study of constitutional revision, this study analyses political cleavages and policy changes in the post-"55 political system of Japan that have been brought about by the end of cold war and the demise of the LDP"s one party rule. It reviews and evaluates conflicting ideas and movements surrounding issues of constitutional revision: military and non-military international contribution and burden-sharing and proponents and opponents of globalization. It also deals with issues of political leadership including strengthening the office of the prime minister.
New political cleavages surrounding international contribution and globalization are intricately related to party system changes and reflect in the issues of constitutional revision. This study finds that since constitutional revision allows normal military functions, and rearmament is very likely in the near future because of changes in both domestic and international circumstances. But this will not lead to an increased military role for Japan in international politics or a major military buildup.