S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Religious Studies (종교학과) 종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 12호(2006)
조선시대 칠사(七祀)에 관한 소고(小考)
A Study on Chilsa in the Chosun Dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 종교문제연구소
- 종교와 문화, Vol.12, pp. 133-154
- This thesis aims to understand the characteristic and meaning of Chilsa through form of Chilsa in the Chosun dynasty. Chilsa is the national ritual name of worship seven gods, that is to say Sameog(control man's destiny, spring ritual)' Ho(control national gate spring ritual)' Zo(control palace kitchen, summer ritual)' Kumoon(control national gate, fall ritual)' Gongyeo(dead feudal lords without son, fall ritual)' Gukheng(control everything on road, winter ritual), Junglu(control dwelling of palace, June of the lunar year ritual). Chilsa is small ritual which done secondly in Jong mo(the ancestral shrine of the royal family)ritual. Jong mo ritual is the important ritual which pray well-being of nation from the ancient times, together Chilsa is also national riual has weight. The Chosun dynasty established by Confucianism ideal tried to realize this through national ritual. Therefore, The Chosun dynasty can practice only ritual which is suitable for status of feudal lords. And so object and proceeding of ritual was reorganized by Confucianism system. But there was no any rigid argument for the early years of the Chosun dynasty. According to principle an emperor/feudal lords, The Chosun dynasty can perform not Chilsa but Osa(five ritual)-Sameog(control man's destiny). Kumoon(control national gate)' Gongyeo(dead feudal lords without son)' Gukheng(control everything on road)' Junglu(control dwelling of palace). As feudal loards natioan, Though The Chosun dynasty has no qualification to perform ritual that only emperor can practice, constantly preform Chilsa. Moreover, In the late years of the Chosun dynasty, There was no any relook about this. Chilsa has meaning which smooth Cosmological circulation by performed with Jong rna ritual of five times---each onset of moon and June of the lunar year-per an year. And Chilsa was not performed on the ground of the scripture which establish art emperor/feudal lords=Chilsa/Osa. Rather, It was performed by place a great deal of weight on meaning and form of Chilsa itself. Through the analysis of this, we can understand difference of ritual base and practice, idea and practice. Moreover, we can understand the Chosun dynasty ritual established not by principle of an emperor/feudal lords, but by various scripture and history, Also, we can understand it was instituted through process of compromise with necessity.