현대 종교학 이론의 현황과 전망 : 반 델 레에우의 종교현상학에 대한 재평가 -선행 연구 유형들과 새로운 해석의 가능성-
Re-evaluation on Van der Leeuw`s Phenomenology of Religion: Typological Studies and New Insights

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서울대학교 종교문제연구소
종교와 문화, 13호, 2007, pp.145-172
게라르두스 반 델 레에우(1890-1950)종교현상학유형론종교학과 신학의 관계Gerardus van der Leeuw(1890-1950)phenomenology of religiontypologyrelation of religious studies and theologycontext/situation
Gerardus van der Leeuw (1890-1950) was a pioneering phenomenologist of religion, who introduced psychology and 'primitive religion' into the study of religion. For him, phenomenon is the object related to the subject, and the subject related to the object. This essay explores four types of previous evaluations on van der Leeuw's phenomenology of religion and proposes new insights, which should be developed in the discourse of van der Leeuw's scholarship. First, Jacques Waardenburg argues that van der Leeuw did an ethical theology through his phenomenology of religion. This ethical theology(or phenomenology/psychology) was an attempt to mitigate the tension between empirical science(or historical theology) and dogmatic science(or systematic theology). Second, Willem Hofstee and Donald Wiebe claim that by having used his phenomenology as an ideological tool van der Leeuw resisted the nihilistic mood in Europe and attempted to revive ideological foundation based on religious renewal. Third, Jan Plavoet and Tim Fitzgerald assert that under the close harmonies of theology and scientific study of religion van der Leeuw returned to confessional theology and destroyed the uniqueness of religious studies. Fourth, George James insists that van der Leeuw's phenomenology has the common characteristics of Dutch school of phenomenology of religion: ① a-historical, ② a-theological, ③ anti-reductive. In conclusion, van der Leeuw's phenomenology of religion still works in the 21st century religious studies, but it should be reoriented in terms of balanced sympathy, complexity, context, and interdisciplinary approach to religious phenomena.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Religious Studies (종교학과)종교와 문화(Religion and Culture)종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 13호(2007)
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