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Effects of a diblock copolymer on adhesion between immiscible polymers. 2. Polystyrene (PS)-PMMA copolymer between poly(phenylene oxide) (PPO) and PMMA

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Authors
Char, K.; Brown, H. R.; Deline, V. R.
Issue Date
1993-08
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Citation
Macromolecules, 1993, 26, 4164
Abstract
Measurements have been made on the effects of a thin layer of polystyrene-poly(methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymer on the toughness of the interface between poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(phenylene oxide). For a wide range of copolymer molecular weights, provided the interface is not saturated with copolymer, the interfacial toughness is a function of just the areal density ∑ of the copolymer molecules, independent of their molecular weight. The toughness was found to vary with ∑2 in accordance with the predictions of a recent model of crazing failure where it is assumed that G is a measure of the energy to form the crack tip craze and the craze fails when the force per molecule at the crack tip (in the craze) equals the molecular scission force. SIMS experiments confirmed that the diblock copolymer organizes at the interface and that interface fracture breaks the copolymer molecules near their junction points. The highest obtainable toughness for any given molecular weight diblock was found to itself exhibit a maximum when considered as a function of molecular weight. This maximum occurred at a molecular weight of about 80K. The obtainable toughness decreased BB the copolymer molecular weight was increased from 80K because the saturation value of ∑ decreased with increasing molecular weight. As the molecular weight was decreased from 80K, both pull-out and crowding effects become more evident, so again the toughness decreases from the value at 80K.
ISSN
0024-9297 (print)
1520-5835 (online)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/5748
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00068a015
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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