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Synthesis and Characterization of Soluble Polypyrrole Doped with Alkylbenzenesulfonic Acids

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Authors
Song, Min-Kyu; Kim, Young-Taek; Kim, Bum-Seok; Kim, Jinhwan; Char, Kookheon; Rhee, Hee-Woo
Issue Date
2003-11-13
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Synth. Met. 141 (2004) 315
Keywords
Conducting polymersPolypyrroleAlkylbenzenesulfonic acid dopantsFTIR spectroscopyX-ray diffraction
Abstract
Soluble polypyrrole (PPy) was chemically synthesized in the presence of a series of alkylbenzenesulfonic acid (ABSA) dopants. The higher conductivity of PPy doped with short alkyl chain dopant might be due to the short range ordering of PPy chains. This result was confirmed by UV/VIS/NIR spectroscopy, which suggested that the high conductivity resulted from more delocalized electrons and higher concentration of bipolaron. The sharp small angle diffraction peaks for PPy doped with dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) indicated that the long alkyl chain of DBSA acted as a spacer between polymer chains and induced layered structure with the highest d-spacing of 26.4° The layered structure of PPy/DBSA was responsible for its notable solubility even if all PPy/ABSA powders were soluble at the polymerization conditions used. When the monomer-to-oxidant ratio, [Mo]/[Ox], was ranged from 2.5 to 15 for PPy doped with DBSA, the lower conductivity at low oxidant concentration might be associated with the lower molecular weight because FTIR study implied that the decreased conductivity was related to the shorter conjugation length. In PPy/DBSA powders, the best compromise between electrical conductivity and solubility was found to be at [Mo]/[Ox]=7.5 for m-cresol.
ISSN
0379-6779
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/5848
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2003.07.015
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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