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Thermal Degradation of Polyaniline in Polyaniline/Na+-Montmorillonite Nanocomposites

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Authors
Lee, Dongkyu; Char, Kookheon
Issue Date
2002-01-24
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Polym Degrad Stabil 2002;75:555
Keywords
PolyanilineNa+-montmorilloniteIntercalationNanocompositesThermal stabilityThermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
Abstract
The thermal degradation behavior of polyaniline (PANI) in PANI/Na+-montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) nanocomposites prepared by in-situ intercalative polymerization of aniline into Na+-MMT has been investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The residual weight (TG curves) and its weight derivative (DTG curves) of the nanocomposites suggest that the PANI chains for PANI/Na+-MMT nanocomposites are more thermally stable than those for a simple PANI/Na+-MMT mixture. This improvement in the thermal stability for the nanocomposites is attributed to the presence of Na+-MMT nanolayers with a high aspect ratio acting as barriers, thus shielding the degradation of PANI in the nanogalleries and also hindering the diffusion of degraded PANI from the nanocomposites. The shielding effect of the nanolayers is found to be significant as the Na+-MMT content in the PANI/Na+-MMT nanocomposites is increased. The XRD patterns of the nanocomposites after TGA measurements indicate that the basal spacing (d001) of the PANI/Na+-MMT nanocomposites is almost intact, implying that the thermal decomposition of the PANI chains is believed to occur mainly outside the silicate layers.
ISSN
0141-3910
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/5867
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-3910(01)00259-2
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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