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Comparison of mechanical properties of all ceramic alumina dental crowns prepared from aqueous and non-aqueous based tape casting

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Authors
Kim, Dae-Joon; Lee, Myung-Hyun; Lee, Deuk-Yong; Han, Jung-Suk
Issue Date
2000
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
J Biomed Mater Res (Appl Biomater) 2000;53:314–319
Keywords
all-ceramic dental crowntape castingalumina/glass compositestrengthtoughness
Abstract
Alumina-glass dental composites were prepared by aqueous- and non-aqueous-based tape casting and sintering at 1120°C, followed by glass infiltration at 1100°C. Flexural strength and fracture toughness of the composites were investigated in terms of influence of tape constituents, namely, alumina powder, binder, and plasticizer on the mechanical properties. For the alumina-glass composites prepared from the aqueous-based tapes, both strength and toughness increased with increasing alumina fraction ratio in tape constituents including organic substances, a/a+o, and binder content ratio in binder/binder + plasticizer mixture, b/b+p. For the composites prepared from the non-aqueous-based tapes, on the other hand, both strength and toughness increased with increasing the a/a+o ratio but decreased with increasing the b/b+p ratio. These observations were consistent with influence of the constituents on mean alumina particle distance in tapes, suggesting that high strength of the glass infiltrated alumina composites is related to toughening by crack bowing. The optimized strength of the aqueous and nonaqueous tape cast composites was 559 and 508 MPa, and the fracture toughness was 3.3 and 3.1 MPam1/2, respectively
ISSN
0021-9304
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/62802
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4636(2000)53:4<314::AID-JBM5>3.0.CO;2-O
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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