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Homogeneous chitosan-PLGA composite fibrous scaffolds for tissue regeneration

Cited 21 time in Web of Science Cited 17 time in Scopus
Authors
Shim, In Kyung; Lee, Sang Young; Park, Yoon Jeong; Lee, Myung Chul; Lee, Sang Hoon; Lee, Jue Yeon; Lee, Seung Jin
Issue Date
2007-07-04
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
J Biomed Mater Res A. 2008 ;84(1):247-55.
Keywords
AnimalsBiocompatible Materials/*chemistry/*metabolismCalorimetry, Differential ScanningCattleCell ProliferationCells, CulturedChitosan/*chemistry/*metabolismChondrocytes/cytology/metabolismCollagen Type II/geneticsGene Expression RegulationLactic Acid/*chemistry/*metabolismMicroscopy, Electron, ScanningPolyglycolic Acid/*chemistry/*metabolismPolymers/*chemistry/*metabolismTemperatureTissue EngineeringTissue Engineering
Abstract
Novel chitosan-poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) composite fibers and nonwoven fibrous scaffolding matrices were designed for cartilage regeneration. A homogenous one-phase mixture of chitosan and PLGA at a ratio of 50:50 (w/w %) was successfully produced using cosolvents of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol and methylene chloride. A wet spinning technique was employed to fabricate composite fibrous matrices. Physical characterizations of one-phase chitosan-PLGA composite (C/Pc) matrices were performed for their homogeneity, in vitro degradability, mechanical property and wettability in comparison to two-phase chitosan and PLGA composite fibrous matrices in which PLGA was dispersed in a continuous chitosan phase. The one-phase property of C/Pc matrices was confirmed from thermal analysis. Significantly retarded degradation was observed from the composite C/Pc fibrous matrices in contrast to the PLGA-dispersed chitosan (C/Pd) fibrous matrices due to the effective acid-neutralizing effect of chitosan on acid metabolites of PLGA. The composition of chitosan with PLGA resulted in a characteristic soft and strong mechanical property that could not be retained by either PLGA or the chitosan fibers. In addition, the presence of chitosan in the composite matrices provided proper wettability for cell cultivation. The C/Pc matrices were further investigated for their scaffolding function using chondrocytes for cartilage regeneration. Enhanced cell attachment was observed on the composite matrix compared with the PLGA fibrous matrices. The mRNA expression of type II collagen and aggrecan was upregulated in the composite matrix owing to the superior cell compatibility of chitosan. These results suggest an excellent potential for C/Pc one-phase composite fibrous matrices as scaffolding materials for tissue regeneration.
ISSN
1549-3296 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17607738

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/63625
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.31464
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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