S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.38 (2006)
조선후기 황해도 水營의 운영
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.38, pp. 421-447
- The purpose of this writing is to study of management of Su-Yong (military camp for the sea) in Hwang-Hae Do during the latter part of Josean. Bon-Yong(main camp) in Su-Yong is located in Ong-Jin(甕津) and Hang-Yong is in So-Kang(蘇江). Ong-Jin and So-Kang are contiguous but they have different aspects to each other.
Ong-Jin is closer to the land and the local people are mostly farmers. On the other hand, So-Kang is adjacent to the sea and the local people lived for fishing. Originally So-Kang Jin"s Chom-Sa(僉事) was in charge of Hae-Bang(the defence for the sea) in Hwang-Hae Do. In the king, Suk-Chong period, it was changed to Su-Yong. Chom-Sa was promoted to Su-Sa. And Ong-Jin Hyun became Ong-Jin Bu. Its Bu-Sa served as Hwang-Hae Do Su-Sa. As a Su-Ryong(local governor 守令) served 6 months in Bon-Yong and another 6 months in Hang-Yong. It was called Bun-Bang(分防).
Through Eup-Ji-Ryu and Maps, I analysed the kind of local government buildings and financial management in Bon-Yong and Hang-Yong. As a result, I found that the position of Su-Sa was more important in Hang-Yong and the one of Su-Ryong more important in Bon-Yong. When Su-Sa was absent in Hang-Yong, Jung-Kun(中軍) was substituted for the position.
Bun-Bang was effective that it saved expenses and controlled the number of local governors. But It had problem with changing governors and local civil servants in every 6 months. Therefore there had been a dispute over merging Bon-Yong and Hang-Yong during the latter part of Josean period. Some were for the merge of focusing on the sea defence and the other were for adminstration. Besides there was also the third party which were against the merge itself. Because they couldn"t accept the idea of reforming old systems. This opinion had become majority, related to the royal regime. Therefore the dispute never got to the end in spite of the problems.