S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.38 (2006)
1930년대 문인들의 검열우회 유형
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.39, pp. 227-253
- This paper investigates the methods that Korean literature used to get around censorship in the Japanese colonial times. While examining the 1930s during which the censorship system was settled and press capitals were domesticated by the dominating force, I focused on the inductive method that extracts and formalizes actual cases. As a result, I was able to discover 4 types of censorship detour as follows; replacing forbidden words, scattered writing (a method that scatters the contents that may collide with the censorship thereby hoping parts of it will pass), using intertextuality, and irony. It is also significant considering the fact that irony or distributive writing can influence the fundamental structures of work pieces.
The censorship detour in the late 1930s, compared to the early 1930s, became more sophisticated and advanced. Part of it was due to the growing enforcement of censorship. Trickingly using intertextuality for classic Chinese literature is a prime example. Even the readers of that times could not notice the using of such methods. The advanced censorship detour method had tricked both the readers and the censorship-officer.
The writers of that times, while accepting the possibility that their attempts may not be delivered to the readers, grew into attributing more meaning to the actual act of recording the attempts of anti-censorship in text than the possibility of communication during the late 1930s. They had to speak for the future rather than the current and they were forced to stick with "monologues" rather than "dialogues".
It is certainly not easy for researchers these days to recognize that the particular text attempts to slip around the censorship and it is even difficult to prove it. This paper has extracted only those with clear indications of detouring censorship by referring the works to other texts (recollection, censorship standards, another literary works, comparing the printed copy of the particular work, and etc) of those days. Although it would be difficult to say that every case of this paper has been confirmed for such attempt, many of them could be said to have adopted the idea of detouring censorship. Such findings are the foundations in allowing one to speak about the general trend of detouring censorship in the 1930s.