곤충비행에서 갑작스런 추력발생의 공기역학적 원인 (Part 1) – 와류정지 및 와류 짝 현상 = The Aerodynamic Origin of Abrupt Thrust Generation in Insect Flight (Part 1: Vortex Staying and Vortex Pairing Phenomena)

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이정상; 김진호; 김종암
Issue Date
한국항공우주학회 = The Korea Society for Aeronauitical and Space Sciences(KSAS)
한국항공우주학회지, v.35, no.1, pp.1-9
곤충비행비정상유동와류추력발생Insect FlightUnsteady FlowVortexThrust Generation
검정금파리 날개의 "8자 운동"에 의한 공기역학적 힘의 발생에 관해 수치해석을 수행하였다. 날개운동은 자유류가 있는 tethered flight 실험에서 관찰된 결과에서 인용하였다. 해석결과 양력은 downstroke 중일 때 주로 발생하였고 추력은 upstroke 끝에서 갑작스럽게 발생하였다. 본 연구에서는 양력과 추력 발생의 이러한 특성을 후류에서의 와류구조와 에어포일 주위의 압력장을 통해 물리적으로 이해하고자 하였다. 결과적으로 양력발생은 유효받음각의 증가에 따른 앞전와류와 관계있었으며, 추력발생은 유동장 형태의 측면에서 와류 짝(vortex pairing)현상과 압력장 측면에서 와류정지 현상으로 설명할 수 있었다. ; Numerical simulation is conducted to investigate aerodynamic force generation mechanism for the "figure-of-eight" motion of Dipteran fly, Phormia-Regina. Wing trajectory is referred to experimental result, which was observed from the tethered flight under free stream condition. Numerical simulation shows that the lift is mainly generated during downstroke motion and the large amount of thrust is generated abruptly at the end of upstroke motion. In the present work, vortical structure in the wake and the pressure field around the airfoil are examined to understand the generation of lift and thrust. Consequently, the lift generation is related with the leading edge vortex which is developed by an effective angle of attack. And the thrust generation can be explained by vortex pairing in the flow field and by vortex staying in the pressure field.
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Mechanical Aerospace Engineering (기계항공공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_기계항공공학부)
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