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Identification of genes modulated by high extracellular calcium in coculuture of mouse osteoblasts and bone marrow cells by oligo chip assay

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Authors
Kim, Gwan-Shik; Kim, Hyung-Keun; Song, Mina; Jun, Ji-Hae; Woo, Kyung Mi; Baek, Jeong Hwa
Issue Date
2006-05
Publisher
Korean Academy of Oral Biology
Citation
International Journal of Oral Biology. 31:53-65
Keywords
high extracellular calciumcoculture of osteo-blasts and bone marrow cellsosteoclastoligo chip assay
Abstract
Calcium concentration in the bone resorption lacunae is
high and is in the mM concentration range. Both osteoblast
and osteoclast have calcium sensing receptor in the cell
surface, suggesting the regulatory role of high extracellular
calcium in bone metabolism. In vitro, high extracellular
calcium stimulated osteoclastogenesis in coculture of mouse
osteoblasts and bone marrow cells. Therefore we examined
the genes that were commonly regulated by both high
extracellular calcium and 1,25(OH)2vitaminD3 (VD3) by
using mouse oligo 11 K gene chip. In the presence of 10 mM
[Ca2+]e or 10 nM VD3, mouse calvarial osteoblasts and bone
marrow cells were co-cultured for 4 days when tartrate
resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells
start to appear. Of 11,000 genes examined, the genes
commonly regulated both by high extracellular calcium and
by VD3 were as follows; 1) the expression of genes which
were osteoclast differentiation markers or were associated
with osteoclastogenesis were up-regulated both by high
extracellular calcium and by VD3; trap, mmp9, car2, ctsk,
ckb, atp6b2, tm7sf4, rab7, 2) several chemokine and
chemokine receptor genes such as sdf1, scya2, scyb5, scya6,
scya8, scya9, and ccr1 were up-regulated both by high
extracellular calcium and by VD3, 3) the genes such as
mmp1b, mmp3 and c3 which possibly stimulate bone
resorption by osteoclast, were commonly up-regulated, 4)
the gene such as c1q and msr2 which were related with
macrophage function, were commonly down-regulated, 5)
the genes which possibly stimulate osteoblast differentiation and/or mineralization of extracellular matrix, were
commonly down-regulated; slc8a1, admr, plod2, lox, fosb, 6)
the genes which possibly suppress osteoblast differentiation
and/or mineralization of extracellular matrix, were commonly
up-regulated; s100a4, npr3, mme, 7) the genes such
as calponin 1 and tgfbi which possibly suppress osteoblast
differentiation and/or mineralization of extracellular matrix,
were up-regulated by high extracellular calcium but were
down-regulated by VD3. These results suggest that in
coculture condition, both high extracellular calcium and
VD3 commonly induce osteoclastogenesis but suppress
osteoblast differentiation/mineralization by regulating the
expression of related genes.
ISSN
1226-7155
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/69743
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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