S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Biomimetic Approach on Human Periodontal Ligament Cells Using Synthetic Oligopeptides
- Kim, Tae-Il; Jang, Jun-Hyeog; Lee, Yong-Moo; Rhyu, In-Chul; Chung, Chong-Pyoung; Han, Soo-Boo; Choi, Sang-Mook; Ku, Young
- Issue Date
- American Academy of Periodontology
- J Periodontol. 2004;75(7):925-932
- BACKGROUND: Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells, connecting root cementum with alveolar bone, are important for periodontal wound healing. In order to obtain a predictable periodontal regeneration, selective adhesion and proliferation of PDL cells are essential. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of synthetic peptides mimicking cell-binding domain of fibronectin (FN) on human PDL cells. METHODS: Two types of oligopeptides, Gly3-Pro-His-Ser-Arg-Asn-Gly6-Arg-Gly-Asp-Gly (G3PHSRNG6RGDG) and Gly3-His-Pro-Asn-Arg-Ser-Gly6-Arg-Gly-Asp-Gly (G3HPNRSG6RGDG), were constructed using a solid-phase peptide synthesizer. Fibronectin type III ninth to tenth domain (FN III 9-10) and Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) were prepared for comparison with the effects of synthetic peptides. These peptides were coated onto 96-well cell culture plates with 0.001 approximately 100 microM concentrations. Cultured human PDL cells were then applied to the peptide-coated wells at a density of 1 x 10(4)/well. After 1 hour incubation at 37 degrees C, adhered cells were fixed, stained, and examined by phase contrast microscopy for cell spreading assay. Attached PDL cells were solubilized with 2% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) for the cell attachment assay by measuring absorbance at 595 nm in microplate reader. Western blot analysis was performed to determine extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) activity. RESULTS: Cell attachment and spreading assays revealed that G3PHSRNG6RGDG (> or = 10 microM) possesses similar adhesive behavior to FN III 9-10. G3PHSRNG6RGDG showed a comparable ERK1/2 activity when compared to FN III 9-10. CONCLUSIONS: G3PHSRNG6RGDG enhanced an attachment and spreading of human PDL cells thereby increasing ERK1/2 activity. Taken together, it is anticipated that this peptide might be a potential tool for arranging a biologically attractive environment for PDL cells, which would enhance periodontal regeneration efficacy.
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