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Rediscovering Symbols: The Role of Category Labels in Similarity Judgment

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Authors
Yu, Na-Yung; Yamauchi, Takashi; Schumacher, Jay
Issue Date
2008
Publisher
Institute for Cognitive Science, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of Cognitive Science, vol.9, no.2, pp. 89-109
Keywords
LabelingStimulus similarityVisual discriminationConceptsChoice behavior
Abstract
Traditionally, category labels were treated as indices pointing to the content
of categories, and the role of category labels in similarity judgment has been
deemed secondary. This study focused on the symbolic property associated with
category labels and investigated why category labels influence similarity
judgment. In two experiments, the authors employed morphed pictures of
animal tissues and contrasted the effect of indexical labels and symbolic labels
on similarity judgments. The results from the experiments suggest that the
influence of category labels on similarity judgment partly comes from their
symbolic properties. Category labels evoke background knowledge and
highlight interconnections with other labels. This symbolic property plays a
critical role in the influence of category labels on similarity judgment.
ISSN
1598-2327
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/70903
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute for Cognitive Science (인지과학연구소)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업) vol.09 (2008)
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