S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총) Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총) vol.10 (1972)
An Evaluation of the Capacity of Legal System to Facilitate Urban Development Program - The Case of Kwangju Squatters Relocation Program
- Kwon, Tai-joon
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 행정대학원
- 행정논총, Vol.10 No.2, pp. 130-165
- It was in the Spring of 1966 that the Special City of Seoul seriously began to think about the squatters as one of the major problems of urban development process. In April of 1966 Mr. Hyon-ok Kim was appointed the Mayor of Seoul; no sooner was he appointed than he announced that he would put more than 50% of the city's budget into "urban development projects." This signified a revolutionary departure from the tradition of the City administration in which almost 70% of the total budget had been spent for administrative operational expenditures. Within half a month since his appointment, the new mayor started six pedestrian under-passes and over-passes in the center of the city, extensions of five major arterial roads from the center into outlying suburbs, and extensions of water pipelines into selected suburban communities. This is not only a speed but also a scale of work the city administration had never experienced before. The Mayor, however, immediately found out that, wherever his "development projects" went, there were hundreds of squatter-dwellings to be cleared for other works to proceed. The new mayor's first reaction to the squatters was simply to apportion some tracts of publicly owned lands, mostly on the hillsides near the city center, for the squatters to relocate. Thus, the City's initial encounter with the squatters was rather happenstantial. But by the summer of 1966 when hundreds of squatter dwellings alongside the Han river shore were swept away by one of the worst floods Seoul had ever experienced, squatter-housing as a whole became a serious political issue. A national election of both the President and the National Assembly was scheduled for May 1967. Prospective candidates in the election of both parties started to interfere with the city administration concerning the squatter-constituents.