S-Space College of Education (사범대학) Center for Educational Research (교육종합연구원) 교육연구와 실천 Journal of the College of Education (師大論叢) vol.40/41 (1990)
韓國語와 英語의 談話構造(Discourse Structure) 比較硏究
A Contrastive Analysis of Discourse Structures in Korean and English
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 사범대학
- 사대논총, Vol.41, pp. 91-117
- This paper presents a crude contrastive analysis of the structures of casual conversation and expository writing in Korean and English. The analysis focuses on the overall organizational patterns of the two types of discourse. Few major differences are found between the overall structures of casual conversation in the two languages. However, in the realization of certain structural elements, such as Greeting and Leave-taking, the two languages show some notable differences which reflect the social relationship' of the participants. As for the expository writings, it is shown that English writings are characterized by deductive and linear development in which the general topic of the writing is established early and the ensuing paragraphs are defined through a uniform orientation, each having its own topic sentence presented early in the paragraph. Korean writings, on the other hand, are shown to be characterized by non-deductive patterns in which the statement of the theme or topic is preceded by rather lengthy episodes or quotations from famous sayings or writings. Though the claim that most Korean writings are non-linear is rejected, it is admitted that the linearity in Korean writings is not as strong as that in English. It is also shown that the concept of paragraph is far less strong in Korean than in English.