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Analysis of heavy metal contents in gray and white MTA and 2 kinds of Portland cement: a preliminary study

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Authors
Chang, Seok Woo; Shon, Won Jun; Lee, Woo Cheol; Kum, Kee Yeon; Baek, Seung Ho; Bae, Kwang Shik
Issue Date
2010-04
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010;109:642-6
Abstract
Objective: The levels of 10 heavy metals (arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickel, and zinc) in gray Portland cement (GPC), white Portland cement (WPC), gray MTA (GMTA), and white MTA (WMTA) were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Study design: One gram of each material was digested with 80°C "aqua-regia" (7 mL of 60% HNO3 and 21 mL of 35% HCl), filtered, and analyzed by ICP-AES. The analysis was performed 6 times and the data were analyzed statistically. Results: Arsenic and lead concentrations were the highest in GPC (P < .05). GPC had much more of 7 heavy metals than the other 3 cements (P < .05). GMTA and WMTA had higher purity than GPC and WPC (P < .05), particularly when arsenic content was considered. Conclusion: If a clinician is considering using Portland cement versus MTA, the differences in purity may be considered.
ISSN
1079-2104
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/74089
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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