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Estimation of mass transport parameters of gases for quantifying CH4 oxidation in landfill soil covers

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dc.contributor.authorIm, Jungdae-
dc.contributor.authorMoon, Seheum-
dc.contributor.authorNam, Kyoungphile-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Young Jin-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jae Young-
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-21T02:38:46Z-
dc.date.available2009-08-21T02:38:46Z-
dc.date.issued2008-09-18-
dc.identifier.citationWaste Management 29 (2), 869-875en
dc.identifier.issn0956-053X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10371/7423-
dc.description.abstractMethane (CH4), which is one of the most abundant anthropogenic greenhouse gases, is produced from landfills. CH4 is biologically oxidized to carbon dioxide, which has a lower global warming potential than
methane, when it passes through a cover soil. In order to quantify the amount of CH4 oxidized in a landfill cover soil, a soil column test, a diffusion cell test, and a mathematical model analysis were carried out. In the column test, maximum oxidation rates of CH4 (Vmax) showed higher values in the upper part of the column than those in the lower part caused by the penetration of O2 from the top. The organic matter content in the upper area was also higher due to the active microbial growth. The dispersion analysis results for O2 and CH4 in the column are counter-intuitive. As the upward flow rate of the landfill gas increased, the dispersion coefficient of CH4 slightly increased, possibly due to the effect of mechanical dispersion. On the other hand, as the upward flow rate of the landfill gas increased, the dispersion coefficient
of O2 decreased. It is possible that the diffusion of gases in porous media is influenced by the counter-directional flow rate. Further analysis of other gases in the column, N2 and CO2, may be required to
support this hypothesis, but in this paper we propose the possibility that the simulations using the diffusion
coefficient of O2 under the natural condition may overestimate the penetration of O2 into the soil cover layer and consequently overestimate the oxidation of CH4.
en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe financial support for this research was provided by the
Brain Korea 21 Project. The authors also thank the Research Insti-
Upward flow rate (ml min-1)
0 10 15
Ds
O2
(cm2 sec-1)
0.010
0.015
0.020
0.025
0.030
R2 = 0.98
5
Fig. 10. Estimated diffusion coefficients of O2 under various upward flow rates.
Table 4
Comparison of diffusion coefficients determined by diffusion cell tests and parameter
estimation
Derived Ds
CH4 (cm2 s 1) Ds
O2 (cm2 s 1)
Derived from diffusion cell tests 0.0299 0.0231
Derived from parameter estimation
Column A 0.0360 0.0200
Column B 0.0350 0.0160
Column C 0.0357 0.0190
Ds
CH4
(cm2 sec-1)
0.025
0.030
0.035
0.040
0.045
0.050
Upward flow rate (ml min-1)
0 5 10 15
Fig. 9. Estimated dispersion coefficients of CH4 under various upward flow rates.
874 J. Im et al. / Waste Management 29 (2009) 869–875
tute of Engineering Science at Seoul National University for their
technical assistance.
en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.titleEstimation of mass transport parameters of gases for quantifying CH4 oxidation in landfill soil coversen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor임정대-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor문세흠-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor남경필-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김영진-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김재영-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.wasman.2008.07.006-
Appears in Collections:
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
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