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Comparison of glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 immunoreactive neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region at various age stages in dogs

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Authors
Hwang, In Koo; Li, Hua; Yoo, Ki-Yeon; Choi, Jung Hoon; Lee, Choong Hyun; Chung, Dae Won; Kim, Dae Won; Sung, Je Kyeong; Yoon, Yeo Sung; Lee, In Se; Won, Moo-Ho
Issue Date
2007-12-04
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Neurosci. Lett. 431 (2008) 251-255
Keywords
AgingHippocampal CA1 regionGlutamic acid decarboxylase 67ImmunohistochemistryDog
Abstract
The hippocampus is a main brain region concerning learning and memory processes. It is imperative to determine the extent of alterations in number and function of inhibitory GABAergic interneurons in the hippocampus as a function of age. We examined changes in GABAergic neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region at various ages of dogs using glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 (GAD67), which is a rate-limiting enzyme for GABA synthesis. We found only one band in the brain homogenates in dogs as well as mice and rats. GAD67 immunoreactive neurons in 1-year-old dogs were mainly detected in the stratum oriens. In the 6-year-old group, GAD67 immunoreactive neurons were evenly distributed in the CA1 region, and numbers of the neurons were highest among all experimental groups. Thereafter, GAD67 immunoreactive neurons were significantly decreased region with age: GAD67 immunoreactive neurons were scarcely found in the CA1 region in 10-year-old dogs. The reduction of GAD67 immunoreactive neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region may be closely related to highly susceptibility to memory loss in old aged dogs.
ISSN
0304-3940
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/7479
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2007.11.047
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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