S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) Journal Papers (저널논문_생리학교실)
Properties of the TRPML3 Channel Pore and Its Stable Expansion by the Varitint-Waddler-causing Mutation
- Kim, Hyun Jin; Yamaguchi, Soichiro; Li, Qin; So, Insuk; Muallem, Shmuel
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY; Vol.285 22; 16513-16520
- TRPML3 is a H(+)-regulated Ca(2+) channel that shuttles between intracellular compartments and the plasma membrane. The A419P mutation causes the varitint-waddler phenotype as a result of gain-of-function (GOF). The mechanism by which A419P leads to GOF is not known. Here, we show that the TRPML3 pore is dynamic when conducting Ca(2+) to change its conductance and permeability, which appears to be mediated by trapping Ca(2+) within the pore. The pore properties can be restored by strong depolarization or by conducting Na(+) through the pore. The A419P mutation results in expanded channel pore with altered permeability that limits modulation of the pore by Ca(2+). This effect is specific for the A419P mutation and is not reproduced by other GOF mutations, including A419G, H283A, and proline mutations in the fifth transmembrane domain. These findings describe a novel mode of a transient receptor potential channel behavior and suggest that pore expansion by the A419P mutation may contribute to the varitint-waddler phenotype.
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