S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Incidence of Atazanavir-associated Hyperbilirubinemia in Korean HIV Patients: 30 Months Follow-up Results in a Population with Low UDP-glucuronosyltransferase1A1*28 Allele Frequency
- Choe, Pyoeng Gyun; Park, Wan Beom; Song, Jin Su; Kim, Nak-Hyun; Park, Sang Won; Kim, Nam Joong; Oh, Myoung-don; Kim, Hong Bin; Song, Kyoung-Ho
- Issue Date
- KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
- JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE; Vol.25 10; 1427-1430
- Hyperbilirubinemia is frequently observed in Caucasian HIV patients treated with atazanavir. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 polymorphism, UGT1A1*28, which is associated with atazanavir-induced hyperbilirubinemia, is less common in Asians than in Caucasians. However, little is known about the incidence of atazanavir-associated hyperbilirubinemia in Asian populations. Our objective was to investigate the incidence of and tolerability of atazanavir-associated hyperbilirubinemia in Korean HIV patients. The prevalence and cumulative incidence of atazanavir-associated hyperbilirubinemia and UGT1A1*28 allele frequency was investigated in 190 Korean HIV-infected patients treated with atazanavir 400 mg per day. The UGT1A1*28 were examined by direct sequencing of DNA from peripheral whole blood. The UGT1A1*28 allele frequency was 11%. The cumulative incidence of any grade of hyperbilirubinemia was 77%, 89%, 98%, and 100%, at 3, 12, 24, and 30 months, respectively. The cumulative incidence of severe (grade 3-4) hyperbilirubinemia was 21%, 41%, 66%, and 75%, at 3, 12, 24, and 30 months, respectively. However, the point prevalence of severe hyperbilirubinemia did not increase with time and remained around 25%. Our data suggest that atazanavir-associated hyperbilirubinemia is common but transient in a population with low UGT1A1*28 allele frequency.