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Frequency-Dependent UWB Channel Characteristics in Office Environments

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Authors
Choi, Jinwon; Kang, Noh-Gyoung; Sung, Yu-Suk; Kang, Jun-Sung; Kim, Seong-Cheol
Issue Date
2009-09
Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Citation
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 3102-3111, Sep. 2009.
Keywords
channel estimationempirical channel modelingfrequency-dependent channelultrawideband (UWB)
Abstract
This paper reports frequency-dependent ultrawideband (UWB) channel characteristics. Measurements were performed in 103 receiver locations of six different office environments. From the measured data, the effect of frequency on the pathloss properties of a UWB signal is analyzed. After analyzing the pathloss behavior to propagation environments, the pathloss exponent variation models are developed in various environments as a function of frequency. Based on these models, pathloss prediction is performed, and the accuracy of the prediction is compared with those of existing pathloss models. In addition, the frequency-dependent UWB channel correlation characteristics are investigated. For the frequency correlation statistics of the UWB channel, double-slope models representing correlation coefficients are established with and without line-of-sight (LOS) paths. Using these correlation models, a channel gain estimation algorithm is proposed. The performance of the proposed estimation algorithm is evaluated with estimation parameters, and it is confirmed that the proposed estimation algorithm has better performance than the conventional algorithm using a linear interpolation algorithm.
ISSN
0018-9545
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/7761
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2009.2014070
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering (전기·정보공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_전기·정보공학부)
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