S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Psychiatry (정신과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
Effects of electroconvulsive shock on the phosphorylation of DARPP-32 in rat striatum
- Park, Hye-Jean; Cui, Feng Ji; Roh, Jae Woo; Jung, Young Chul; Kim, Yong Sik; Kang, Ung Gu; Kim, Se Hyun
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
- PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH; Vol.170 1; 91-95
- Dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein with molecular weight 32 kDa (DARPP-32) is a key integrative molecule in the dopaminergic and glutamatergic signaling pathways in the striatum. Electroconvulsive shock (ECS), which induces massive neuronal depolarization, can activate various signaling pathways. In this study we investigated whether ECS could affect the phosphorylation status of DARPP-32. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent ECS and were sacrificed by decapitation at 0, 2, 10, 60, and 180 min after treatment. The phosphorylations of Thr34 and Thr75 residues of DARPP-32 and Ser159 residue of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) were investigated in the striatum. The activity of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and the binding between DARPP-32 and PP1 were also analyzed. Thr34 phosphorylation of DARPP-32 increased immediately after ECS and this state was maintained for more than 60 min. The activity of PP1 decreased and the binding between PP1 and DARPP-32 increased in accordance with this phosphorylation pattern. However, the phosphorylation at Thr75 showed no significant change except for an initial transient decrease. The phosphorylation of CDK5, which is responsible for Thr75 phosphorylation of DARPP-32, did not exhibit significant fluctuations. Our findings indicate that ECS increases Thr34 phosphorylation of DARPP-32, and thus inhibits the activity of PP1. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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