S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Vol.02, No.01/02 (2012)
Are Korean Welfare Politics Changing?: The Politics of the First and Second Pension Reforms in Korea
- Kim, Yeong Soon
- Issue Date
- Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR), Vol.2 No.2, pp. 93-129
- Welfare Politics; Pension Reform; Kim Dae-jung Government; Roh Moohyun Government; Actors; Power Relations; Korea
- ranslated by Ria Chae from the article published in Korean Political Science Review 45(1): 141-163 with permission from the Korean Political Science Association.
- This article examines what factor was most significant in determining the pension reforms in Korea. This will be achieved by analyzing the two pension reforms undertaken during the Kim Dae-jung government (the first pension reform) and Roh Moo-hyun government (the second pension reform). The research demonstrates that in both cases the results were decided by the power relations formed through a process of strategic actions and interactions among major actors. This implies that actors rather than institutions, and dynamic power relations rather than the power resources of actors, are crucial in changing welfare policies.
In addition, the comparison of the two pension reforms shows that the interactions among the actors became more active, and the role of the political parties became more important during the decade separating the two reforms. The pattern of forming coalitions and cooperating among the actors also changed during the period in scrutiny from being tacit and loose to open and active.