S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Vol.02, No.01/02 (2012)
Gyeongbu Expressway: Political Economic Geography of Mobility and Demarcation
- Choi, Byung-Doo
- Issue Date
- Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR), Vol.2 No.2, pp. 181-218
- Gyeongbu Highway; Geo-strategy of transport; Automobility; Non-place; Machine space; Uneven Regional Development; Korea
- Translated from the article published in Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea Vol.13, No.3, 2010 with permission from The Economic Geographical Society of Korea.
- This paper examines the Gyeongbu (Kyŏngbu) Expressway construction from the standpoint of the political economy pursued by President Park Chung-Hee (Pak Chŏng-hŭi) in the 1960s.
Specifically, I examine the politics of mobility and demarcation. I will argue that Gyeongbu Expressway was a powerful symbol to promote the socio-spatial integration of the population which enforced the authoritative political power of the Park regime through the creation of mobility. Moreover, it has had a strong impact on changing the physical landscape of national space and the spatio-temporal rhythm of everyday life by extending the ‘machine space’ as a non-place. Finally, it has provided a physical infrastructure through which the capital’’s circulation could be reduced. But Gyeongbu Expressway has also led to serious problems such as uneven regional development, the expansion of non-place or alienated place, ecological destruction and pollution. In conclusion, a sustainable politics is suggested to overcome this kind of “tragedy of highway” to develop a highway as an integration and balance of politics and space.