Liver X Receptor Mediates Hepatitis B Virus X Protein-Induced Lipogenesis in Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma
- Na, Tae-Young; Shin, Young Kee; Kang, Shin-Ae; Roh, Kyung Jin; Seong, Je Kyung; Choi, Yoon La; Lee, Mi-Ock; Park, Cheol Keun; Oh, Sae Jin; Hong, Il
- Issue Date
- JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
- HEPATOLOGY; Vol.49, No.4, pp.1122-1131
- The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
- Although hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) has been implicated in abnormal lipid metabolism in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatic steatosis, its underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Liver X receptor (LXR) plays an important role in regulating the expression of genes involved in hepatic lipogenesis. Here we demonstrate that LXR alpha and LXR beta mediate HBV-associated hepatic steatosis. We have found that HBx induces the expression of LXR and its lipogenic target genes, such as sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, and this is accompanied by the accumulation of lipid droplets. RNA interference with LXR expression decreases the amount of lipid droplets as well as the expression of the lipogenic genes, and this indicates that HBx-induced lipogenesis is LXR-dependent. LXR alpha and HBx colocalize in the nucleus and are physically associated. HBx induces the transactivation function of LXR alpha by recruiting CREB binding protein to the promoter of the target gene. Furthermore, we have observed that expression of LXR is increased in the livers of HBx-transgenic mice. Finally, there is a significant increase in the expression of LXR beta (P = 0.036), SREBP-1c (P = 0.008), FAS, and stearoyl-coenyzme A desaturase-1 (P = 0.001) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in comparison with adjacent nontumorous nodules in human HBV-associated HCC specimens. Conclusion: Our results suggest a novel association between HBx and LXR that may represent an important mechanism explaining HBx-induced hepatic lipogenesis during HBV-associated hepatic carcinogenesis. (HEPATOLOGY 2009; 49:1122-1131.)
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