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Biomechanical and Histomorphometric Study of Dental Implants With Different Surface Characteristics

Cited 42 time in Web of Science Cited 44 time in Scopus
Authors
Yeo, In-Sung; Han, Jung-Suk; Yang, Jae-Ho
Issue Date
2008-11
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART B-APPLIED BIOMATERIALS Vol.87 No.2, pp. 303-311
Keywords
의약학surface modificationresonance frequency analysisbone-to-implant contactanodic oxidationcalcium metaphosphate coating
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the early bone response to the titanium dental implants with different surface characteristics using the rabbit tibia model. Calcium metaphosphate coated, anodic oxidized, hydroxyapatite particle-blasted, and turned (control) surfaces were compared. Surface topography was evaluated by field emission scanning electron microscope and optical interferometer. Eighteen rabbits received 72 implants in the tibia. Resonance frequency was analyzed every week for 6 weeks. Removal torque values were measured 2 and 6 weeks after placement. The implant-bone interfaces were directly observed by light microscope and bone-to-implant contact ratios were measured 2 and 6 weeks after insertion. All the surface-modified implants showed superior initial bone responses to the control. No significant differences were found among the surface-modified groups. Data suggest that various surface modification methods can provide favorable bone responses for early functioning and healing of dental implants.
ISSN
1552-4973
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/82024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.31104
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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