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The effect of screw length on fracture load and abutment strain in dental implants with external abutment connections

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Authors
Kim, Byung-Jun; Yeo, In-Sung; Lee, Joo-Hee; Kim, Seong-Kyun; Heo, Seong-Joo; Koak, Jai-Young
Issue Date
2012-07
Publisher
Quintessence Publishing
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS Vol.27 No.4, pp. 820-823
Keywords
의약학abutmentdental implantfractureloadscrew lengthstrain
Abstract
Purpose: One of the most common failures in dental implants is fracture of the abutment screw, and the remnant is not easily removed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of abutment screw length on the amount of screw resistance load and strain after loading based on its length. Materials and Methods: 21 implants and straight shaped abutments were prepared. The implants were placed in resin blocks at an angle of 30 degrees to the long axis. The abutment screws were then prepared and classified into seven groups (n=3 abutments per group) based on their different lengths. The implants and abutments were assembled with a torque of 30 Ncm with the abutment screws. The implant-abutment assemblies were compressed after attaching a strain gauge to the abutment. The curve of the strain over time, the peak load, and the load at fracture were measured. The linear models of the variables over the abutment screw length were analyzed. Results: The break and peak loads showed significant association with the abutment screw length. All the measured data of the break and peak loads were more than the maximal occlusal force. There was no significant change of the peak or break strain values according to the screw length (P > .05). Conclusions: Clinically, the fractured abutment screw may be replaced by a new shorter abutment screw without the removal of the broken screw remnant.
PURPOSE: One of the most common types of failure in dental implants is fracture of the abutment screw, after which the remnant is usually not easily removed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of abutment screw length on the amount of screw resistance load and strain after loading.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one implants and straight abutments were prepared. The implants were placed in acrylic resin blocks at an angle of 30 degrees relative to the long axis. The abutment screws were prepared and classified into seven groups based on length (n = 3 abutments per group). The implants and abutments were joined with a torque of 30 Ncm. Strain gauges were attached to the abutments, and the implant-abutment assemblies were compressed. Curves of strain over time, peak load, and load at fracture were measured. Linear models of the variables over the abutment screw length were analyzed.

RESULTS: The break and peak loads were significantly associated with abutment screw length. However, all measured break and peak loads were greater than the maximal occlusal force. There were no significant changes in peak or break strain values associated with screw length (P > .05).

CONCLUSIONS: Clinically, fractured abutment screws may be replaced by shorter abutment screws without removal of the broken screw remnant.
ISSN
0882-2786
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/82039
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Appears in Collections:
College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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