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The Concept of Self in Korea: Indigenous, Cultural, and Psychological Analysis

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Authors
Kim, Ui Chol; Park, Young Shin
Issue Date
2013-04-30
Publisher
Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR), Vol.3 No.1, pp. 289-334
Keywords
SelfIndigenous PsychologyObjective and Subjective SelfConsistencyFlexibility of the SelfRole-FulfillmentKorea
Description
Translated from the article published in Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues Vol. 12(4), 2006, with permission from the Korean Psychological Association.
Abstract
This study examines the concept of the self, using indigenous, cultural and psychological analysis. The self is viewed from four aspects: 1) concept of the self as an entity (the self in general, the self as an unique entity and the self when alone); 2) concept of the self in the context of family (the self when with one’s father, mother, children and spouse); 3) the self within the context of close and working relationships (the self when with friends, teachers, work superior and work subordinate); and 4) the self in the context of the larger society (the self when with strangers and foreigners). A total of 1,465 respondents (623 elementary, middle, high and university students and their parents=842) completed an open-ended questionnaire developed by the present authors. The results reveal two overall patterns of results. First, the concept of self in Korea is influenced by one’s role. Second, the concept of self is influenced by relationship and context, and there is an emphasis on the flexibility and adjustment of the self to relationship and context. Implications of the concept of the self in the context of relationships, roles, and contexts are discussed, along with the importance of indigenous, cultural, and psychological analysis.
ISSN
2234-4039
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/83062
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원)Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR)Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Vol.03, No.01/02 (2013)
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