S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.61/64(2013)
1910년대 일제의 "문명화" 통치와 한국인들의 인식 - 3·1운동의 "거족성" 원인 규명을 위한 하나의 시론
"Givilization" project of Japan and Korean"s perception in the 1910s : how the March First Independent Movement was possible to become nationwide
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.61, pp. 327-360
- 3 · 1운동; 거족적 문명; 문명화; 문화적충격; 1910s; civilization; the March First Independent Movement; violence; cultural shock; nationwied
- This paper examines the relationship between Japan’s ‘Civilization’ project and the March First Independent Movement of Korea in the 1910s. The Government General of Japan ruled Korea in the name of ‘civilization’ in the 1910s. Although the real purpose was to reconstruct Korea as a colony and military base, changes appeared to be the ‘freedom of materials’. This policy affected Korean’s lives all over the country through the newly constructed administration system transportation facilities.
‘Civilization’ was always a strong will for Koreans since the Progressive Party appeared in history, but eventually they had to accept ‘civilization’ through Japan. As Japan’s vicious intention was revealed, Korean people became enraged. This anger spread nationwide because regardless of their class and age Koreans shared the same anti-Japanese sentiment that was formed historically. This hostility grew as they experienced discrimination as a nation and suffered from institutionalized violence that occurred in every part of their lives. In conclusion, it was this ‘cultural shock’ from the Japan’s forced ‘civilization’ project that made possible for the March First Independent movement to become nationwide.