S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.61/64(2013)
조선후기 개성읍지에 기록된 "개성"의 산
Mountains of Gaeseong(開城) recorded in gaeseong-eupjis(開城邑誌) of Joseon Dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.62, pp. 75-104
- 開城邑誌; 개성의 山; 開城府; 城內圖; 幅員圖; Gaeseong-eupjis; mountains; Gaeseong-bu; seongnae-do; pogwon-do
- This paper is written to organize mountains of Gaeseong that are recorded in gaeseong-eupjis After organizing mountains that were recorded in 『Goryeosa (高麗史)』, 『Sejongsillok-jiriji (世宗實錄地理志)』, and 『Dongguk-yeojiseungnam (東國輿地勝覽)』, all of which were published in the early Joseon dynasty, I have confirmed that the publication of 『Dongguk-yeojiseungnam』 was the turning point in recording mountains of Gaeseong. In the remaining gaeseong-eupjis, there are 『Songdo-ji』(『松都誌』, 1648), 『Songdo-ji』(『松都誌』, 1782), 『Songdo-sokjji 松都續誌』, 『Junggyeong-Ji(中京誌)』, and 『Songgyeong-gwanggo(松京廣攷)』.
Gaeseong-eupjis were re-edited every time Gaeseong-bu(開城府) underwent a regional expansion; each edition brought about by the regional expansions increased the number of mountains in the region to be recorded in gaeseong-eupjis. Also, in the gaeseong-eupjis that were compiled after 『Songdo-sokjji 松都續誌』, mountains that belong to Jangdan-bu(長湍府) as well as mountains that are located on the borders of Gaeseong-bu and Jangdan-bu are recorded. This is because Gaeseong People considered mountains of Jangdan as those of Gaeseong and as their field of activities.
In gaeseong-eupjis, there are pictiorial maps named ‘seongnae-do(城內圖)’ and ‘pogwon-do(幅員圖)’. Seongnae-do is in 『Songdo-ji』(『松都誌』, 1782), 『Junggyeong-Ji(中京誌)』, and 『Songgyeong-gwanggo(松京廣攷)』 and the content is almost the same. This ds due to the fact that ‘seongnae-do’ that was created when 『Songdo-ji』 was compiled was succeed in 『Junggyeong-Ji(中京誌)』, and 『Songgyeong-gwanggo(松京廣攷)』. The mumber of mountains recorded on ‘pogwond-do’ in gaeseong-eupjis gradually increased as Gaeseong-bu expanded its regional boundaries and the regional expansion had to be reflected on the pictorial maps (i.e., Pogwon-do), However, some mountains recorded on ‘pogwon-do’ in gaeseong-eupjis are different from those recorded in ‘sancheon(山川)’ of gaseong-eupjis.