Browse

조선총독부의 화전 정리 사업
The Chosun Governor-General’s Policy on the slash-and-burn farming fields

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Authors
최병택
Issue Date
2013-06
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Citation
한국문화, Vol.58, pp. 139-177
Keywords
화전화전정리농롱곡 화전민 사건갑산 화전민 사건북선 개발주식회사조선화전조사위원회산농공려조합the slash-and-bum farming fields, the Forest Law, slash-and-bum farmers, the special commission on slash-and-bum farmering fields, the slash and burn farmers-cooperative societies
Abstract
The Chosun Governor-General claims to remove the slash-and-bum farming fields for forest conservancy during colonial rule of the Korean peninsula. From the day of promulgation the Forest Law in 1908,Japanese authorities officially announced they would control the slash-and-bum farming field by granting a license setting fire on forest.

But this policy didn’t apply widely, because the range of applications of the Forest Law that contained prohibition on slash-and-bum farming was not settled. Japanese authorities decided to inplement distinguishing the slash-and- bum farming field that must be removed and the land to be allowed, during Chosun Land Survey Project(1910~1918) and Forest Survey Project (1917~1924). Governor-General announced that the slash-and-bum farming field which has a gradient of under 30° would be defined as a farming field officially so that could be cultivated normally. The slash-and-bum farming fields which are in excess of those gradient forbidden to cultivate.

In 1916,Japanese authorities decided to carry out the displacement of the slash-and-bum farmers who had the slash-and-bum farming fiel with a gradient of over 30°. but this policy on slash-and-burn farming field turned out a failure, because the pushout return to their former home and residential area.

To rectify this problem, the Chosun Governor-General established new policy toward slash-and-bum farmers who displaced from their fields severely restricts their access to former residential area, in 1928,Japanese authorities created the special commission on slash-and-bum farmering fields to prevent disturbance that would be occur by korean farmer with an official business in the government-owned forest.

The commission decided to set up slash and burn farmers-cooperative societies. the societies that contained all the slash-and-burn farmers who displaced by authorities, and monitored the farmer"s living habits and moving.
ISSN
1226-8356
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/84149
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:
Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.57/60(2012)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse