S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소) Development and Society Korea Journal of Population and Development Vol.23 No.1/2 (1994)
Class Structure and Class Mobility in East Asia : A Comparison among South Korea, Japan and Taiwan
- Yun, Young-Min
- Issue Date
- Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol.23 No.2, pp. 257-282
- The capitalist order varies considerably among post-war East Asian countries. The
new class system which has emerged in the course of rapid industrialization is most open in Taiwan, followed by Japan and then South Korea. Gross openness of the class system is affected by two factors: class composition and openness in class structure. Its cross-national variation is .determined by the openness rather than the composition in East Asia. It is the class openness that made class order in Taiwan more fluid than in Japan or South Korea. Differences in life chances for farmers mainly determined the cross-national variation in class openness. The life chances were the largest in Taiwan, followed by Japan and then South Korea. Furthermore, these have deteriorated in South Korea, have improved in Japan, and have been stable in Taiwan.
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