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한국어 관계문의 통사구조 기술
Relativization in Korean

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Authors
신수송; 이해윤
Issue Date
1992-09
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.28 No.3, pp. 383-398
Abstract
According to the theory of Lexical Functional Grammar (=LFG) We try in this paper to describe the relative clause in Korean which shows one of the characteristics of unbounded dependencies. Unlike in English or in German there is no lexical form of relative pronouns. The relative clauses are derived by attaching a special adnominal affix un/nun to the pseudosentences. Thus the syntactic form of the relative clauses are recognized by the feature [+REL] assigned to the adnominal affix un/nun. On the other hand the functional schemata (↓TOPIC PRED) = (↑PRED) reflects that the head noun of the relative clauses plays not only a role of special grammatical function in the matrix clause but also has a topic function within a relative clause. The relationship between TOPIC and its gap in a relative clause can be described in a functional structure by the notion of functional uncertainty such as (↑{ADJ, COMP}* GF) = (↑TOPIC). This kind of functional uncertainty enables us to describe the peculiar phenomena of the gaps in COMP-clauses and also in ADJ-clauses in Korean. Finally it comes out clear in this work that the possibility of relativization of a constituent is solely dependent on its thematic role assigned by the predicate of a relative clause. We also find out in this paper that the upper part thematic roles of the hierarchy of the Bresnan (1988) can easily participate in the relativization in comparison with those of the lower thematic roles of the hierarchy. These phenomena can also be appropriately explained on the syntactic level in accordance with the notion of functional uncertainty of LFG
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/85952
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 28 Number 1/4 (1992)
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