S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소) Development and Society Development and Society Vol.31 No.1/2 (2002)
Decentralization in East Asia: A Reassessment of Its Background and Potential
- Rozman, Gilbert
- Issue Date
- Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
- Development and Society, Vol.31 No.1, pp. 1-22
- Through much of the 1990s, East Asian states pursued decentralization as a panacea for economic, political, social, and foreign policy problems. Most bold reforms were not approved; a few that were approved worsened inefficiency. Both the Confucian tradition and modernization from above had not left a suitable foundation for the types of changes needed. Neither local society nor central bureaucratic power allowed much scope for market-oriented localism or cross-border linkups based on global principles. The exception was Southeast China, where the Chinese diaspora eased cooperation. To achieve both reform and regionalism, Japan and South korea should lead a revival of decentralization by emphasizing human resource development based on international migration, educational exchanges, and cities open to global integration.
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