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Flow characteristics of microbubble suspensions in porous media as an oxygen carrier

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Authors
Choi, Yong Ju; Park, Joo Young; Kim, Young Jin; Nam, Kyoungphile
Issue Date
2008-01-25
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
Clean 2008, 36, 59
Keywords
Flow CharacteristicsMicrobubble SuspensionOxygen SupplyPlug-FlowSoil Contamination;
Abstract
Microbubble suspensions were generated as an oxygen carrier for aerobic biodegradation, and their flow characteristics in porous media were investigated. Commercial surfactants including sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and dodecylethyldimethylammonium bromide (DEDAB), saponin (a natural surfactant), and collagen (a protein hydrolysate) were examined as base materials for generating microbubble suspensions. Among them, 2 x CMC (critical micellar concentration) of SDS, DEDAB, and saponin developed microbubble suspensions with the highest gas hold-up and half-drainage time. Visualization of the flow patterns in sand showed that the microbubble suspensions were separated into a liquid and gas phase directly after injection, showing much faster movement of liquid phase flow. The gas front of the microbubble suspensions flowed in a plug-flow manner, particularly in cases of SDS and DEDAB. The experimental results from both homogeneous and heterogeneous cells confirmed that the microbubble flow could overcome the heterogeneity in porous media. However, the plug-flow characteristics and flow propagation of the microbubble suspensions to the low-permeability zone was accompanied by a large pressure drop, which needs to be considered for future field application.
ISSN
1863-0650 (print)
1863-0669 (online)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/8737
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.200700146
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
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