S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute for Russian, East European & Eurasian Studies (러시아문화권연구소) 러시아연구 (Russian Studies) 러시아연구 Volume 14 Number 1/2 (2004)
BE와 무(無)에 대하여: 러시아어의 경우
On BE and Null: The Russian Case
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 러시아연구소
- 러시아연구, Vol.14 No.1, pp. 167-210
- The ultimate aim of this article is to provide a new and universal perspective for BE and Null. For this purpose the Russian Null and BE, including быть, есть, "copula это" and pseudo-БЫ\Ть verbs are examined. The already existing hypotheses on BE such as multi-meaning hypothesis, copula hypothesis, existence hypothesis, and no-meaning hypothesis are critically reviewed. It is argued that BE is a functional make-up for the compensation of the low degree predicativity of the N/ADJILOC in the predicate. In Null ( -oriented) type languages synthetic strategy may be applied instead of the analytic strategy adjoining BE to the N/ ADJILOC in the predicate. The Russian "category of state" provides an example of synthetic strategy: быть in the "category of state" construction may be incorporated into the "category of state" and serve as affix.