S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute for Russian, East European & Eurasian Studies (러시아문화권연구소) 러시아연구 (Russian Studies) 러시아연구 Volume 16 Number 1/2 (2006)
로만 야콥슨의 유표성 이론 연구
A Situdy on Roman Jakobson’s Markedness Theory
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 러시아연구소
- 러시아연구, Vol.16 No.2, pp. 271-292
- The purpose of this article is to present the polysemous notion of markedness and its related terms explicitly. For this purpose, the study reviewed the origin and the development of Jakobson's markedness theory, and examples of its application to poetics and foreign language acquisition as well as subfields of linguistics. Among many facets of the notion of markedness, the study focused on the conceptual change of the unmarked value through Jakobson's writings. In his early writings, R. Jakobson proposed exclusive correlation of the opposition between marked and unmarked value. That is, a correlation is characterized by the presence of some feature and its absence («a us. not a»). However, in his later writings, Jakobson found the correlation inclusive, and he introduced a new term «signalization of a us. nonsignalization of a». Later, he developed his markedness theory more precisely by using the notion of 'zero sign'. However, as the concepts of «a us. not a» and «signalization of a us. non-signalization of a» were used synonymously with the terms 'marked' and 'unmarked', the notion of markedness and its related terms became blurred and ambiguous. Therefore, researchers who want to adopt markedness theory as their tools of analysis should first define the notion of markedness explicitly. In addition, the notion of markedness in linguistics should be differentiated from that of markedness in non-linguistic fields.