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60년대 아방가르드 연극 운동의 비평적 유산에 대한 재고: 샘 셰퍼드 초기 단막극에 대한 사실주의적 해석의 가능성
Reconsidering the Critical Legacy of the Avant-Garde Theater in the Sixties: Validity of Realistic Interpretation of Sam Shepard's Early One-Act Plays

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Authors
이정진
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
서울대학교 미국학연구소
Citation
미국학, Vol.32 No.1, pp. 43-74
Keywords
Sam Sbepard(샘 셰퍼드)The American Avant-Garde theater(미국 아방가르드 연극)Performance(퍼포먼스)Metatheater(메타연극)Anti-Realism(반사실주의)
Abstract
This paper proposes a realistic interpretation of Sam Shepard's early one-act plays, considering their pronounced theatricality both as reflection and problematization of increasing theatricalization of contemporary everyday life. This interpretation challenges the dominant view that his early plays embody the liberating aesthetics absorbed from the american avant-garde theater movement in the sixties. The essential idea of this movement is epitomized in its strong valorization of performance. Performance. which used to be understood as faithful staging of plays, became autonomous theatrical activity free from (or opposing to) restricting literary text and was celebrated for anticipating social trans formation. This paper does not deny the strong influence on Sam Shepard of the innovative ideas and techniques developed by various performance-oriented theater groups. However. what. he dramatized by employing them is far from the ideal of performance envisioned by the avant-garde theater practitioners. Rather, his radically theatrical plays seem to implicitly criticize increasing performance impulses which the modern, urban life encourages, There has rarely been this kind of critical efforts which relate Shepard's innovative theatrics to critical realism. Anti - realism, which Gerald Graff attributes to the counter-cultural sensibility, the legacy of the cultural revolution in the sixties including the avant-garde theater movement, currently seems to dominate our critical thoughts, This paper aspires to provide an opportunity to reconsider this anti - realistic critical paradigm in general together with the dominant critical views of Shepard informed by it.
ISSN
1229-4381
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/88634
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)American Studies Institute (미국학연구소)미국학미국학 Volume 32 Number 1/2 (2009)
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