S-Space College of Law/Law School (법과대학/대학원) The Law Research Institute (법학연구소) 법학 법학 Volume 41, Number 1/4 (2001)
스웨덴의 교정정책과 행형실태에 대한 조사연구
A Visiting Research on the Swedish Prisons and Penal Practices
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 법학연구소
- 법학, Vol.41 No.1, pp. 209-240
- This is a visiting research of the prisons and penal practices in Sweden. I visited Sweden and Finland for two weeks from January, 1997. I discussed with a variety of experts who majored in criminology and penology, and practiced in the penal systems in Sweden and Finland. My original aim was to survey how the so-called most advanced Swedish prisons work. and how the people response to their penal systems. From my research tour. I could not only visit the prisons but also touch the changing probation and electronic monitoring in Sweden. Some experts commented the policy orientation in Sweden has shifted from the welfare approach to the repressive approach. But. such a comment might be correct within the Sweden. Swedish policy might be situated on the edge of welfare from the comparative spectrum. New kinds of sanctions in the relation to the probation been introduced since the late eighties of the last century. In addition to the community service, the contract treatment is exercised. By the contract treatment means that the short-term imprisonment should be suspended under the condition of the treatment assigned to the person under influence of drug/alcohol. New experiment in penality is to introduce the intensive supervision with electronic monitoring. Offenders may be sentenced, by their applications. to serve the electronic monitoring only as an alternative to the imprisonment for 3 months or less. not as a kind of probation. Three years of experiment is reported to be satisfactory. despite the dissent opinion afraid of the net-widening effect of such a new penalty. The prisons I visited during my stay in Sweden ranged from a remand prison(Huddinge), two open prisons (Asptuna. Tillberga), to one closed prison(Kumla) From the eyes of a Korean scholar, the most impressive things were as follows :
The openness. normalization. and community-oriented approach as a basic principle. The salary system to the prison labour instead of the nominal bonus system,
The unsupervised visitation program and the opportunity to furlough.
The one-room for one-prisoner. similar to a dormitory room instead of the typical solitary confinment.
The existence of female prison officers numbering more than 1/3 of all officers instead of the masculine atmosphere.
The communicative attitude of the prison officer called contact person instead of the prison guard. and
The clean and high-quality articles including the athletic tools. and coffee machine in the self-cooking places.
The lesson from Sweden is the assertion that the standards of prison in one country don't reflect the seriousness of the crimes but the dignity and tolerance of the people of the country. The prisoners need to be cared, educated, treated, and rehabilitated. As a person with the dignity of human being, the prisoner should maintain the contact with outside. and
his privacy and freedom should be affirmed and respected so far as the requirement of the security of the institution is not endangered. Swedish model in penal spheres might be the future to many countries aspiring more humane, more advanced prisons and alternatives to them.