大都市 定期市場 機能硏究 : 釜山市內 定期市를 中心으로
A Study on the Function of Periodic Markets in the Pusan Metropolitan Area.

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서울대학교 국토문제연구소
지리학논총, Vol.14, pp. 381-398
Periodicity of markets, originated from spatial insufficient threshold size, affect the residents' behaviour in the trade area. So this has become a cultural element in their decision making environments. Periodic markets tend to become permanent markets when demands are sufficient for their threshold size. But occasionally in

metropolitan area where marketing system are in monetary economy, periodicity are maintained.

Whether periodicity of markets in urban 'area is relict landscape of traditional economy or the product of self-sufficient change based on the new locational contexts, has become an important theme of geographical research. The purpose of this study is to analyse the locational basis, function, and unique character of periodic markets in urban area through the case study of Kupo(3,8) and Osige(2,7) markets in Pusan Metropolitan Area. Generated in 15~17C, these markets have changed their roles and scales in Pusan regional structure and geographical circulation system. In metro-urbanisation process since 1960, Kupo market can preserve its geographical location in the physical locational contexts, but Osige market has changed its location three times colliding with modern marketing system. Unique characters of these markets are in periodicity itself and goods. Goods are treated especially, such as Chinese and folk medicine material, poultry which can be found only in traditional folk society but cannot be dealt in modern marketing system. Periodicity itself offered customers rurality which come' from their native place but cannot be impressed in their urban residential areas.
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소)지리학논총 (Journal of Geography)지리학논총 Volume 14 (1987)
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