S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 14 (1987)
高麗·朝鮮時代 氏族의 移住地域硏究
Immigration of Clans in Korea before Late Chosuη Dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.14, pp. 93-104
- After some clans, of which original places coincided with their residential places at early Koryǒ period, migrated to other places with various causes, they sere named chiefly as Soksǒng clans (續姓) in the late Koryǒ and Chosun dynasty. Through the analysis of Soksong clans of old documents, including Sejong Shillock Chiriji (世宗實錄地理志) Tongguk Yoji Sungnam (東國輿地跨覽)，and Yoji Dosuh (輿地闡書)，an attempt was made to find their important region and immigrant factor. They immigrated apparently to the three regions which were the north frontier, the Young-and Ho-nam (嶺湖南)，and the Kangwon (江原) region. A remarkable immigration had not been found in Kiho (議湖) region. These four regions were connected with strong colonization policy, the development of agricultural technique, Feng Shui idea, and traditional land owner system respectively. However, these factors, it is believed, interacted. In addition to that, in the Koryo period the transportation route toward the north frontier was one of migration factors, which had effect on the immigration to the north parts of Kangwon and Whanghae (黃海) province. There was some evidence that many immigrated clans to the north frontier and the Honam district exhibited the distance decay effect, and there were remarkable facts that these four regions showed geographical inertia during the period of two dynasties. It is expected that this topic about migration of clans must be explained in relation to the study of diffusion pattern of specific clan, and especially the distribution of Tosong clans(土姓) and Mangsong clans (亡姓). The problems about migration factors in the pre-industrial society of Korea may take geographical ideas into consideration.