S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 15 (1988)
京畿道의 通勤樣相과 轉入人口의 特性에 關한 硏究
Commuting Patterns and Characteristics of lnmigrants of Greater Seoul
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.15, pp. 65-81
- This study investigates commuting patterns and characteristics of inmigrants of Greater Seoul. One can expect to find a variety of flows of communting and migration within Greater Seoul considering the sheer concentration of population and economic activities in the region. And it is the goal og this study to discern the major characteristics of such flows. The study employed the 15% sample data of the 1980 census recorded at the level of individual residents. An analysis of the census data revealed the following characteristics of journey-to-work and migration:
1. The commuting field of Seoul City, defined by the isoline of 5% commuting rate, is the largest among other cities in Greater Seoul. The field reaches up to 30 kilometers in average from the center of Seoul City, and extends up to about 40 kilometers along the main transport arteries, covering much of those cities and counties contiguous to the City. The commuting fields of the six cities are much smaller than that of Seoul City, in that the fields hardly reach beyond their city limits. Where the fields extend across the city limits they develop toward the directions opposite to Seoul.
2. A further examination of the commuting data reveals that the laborsheds of cities and towns other than Seoul City are largely self-contained. Extended commuting, i.e., journey-to-work across the administrative lines, is rather and exception, and intercommuting among nearby cities and towns is virtually none : a commuting pattern radically different from that of Western cities where exchange of commuters among municipalities is more than common. In overall, commuting in Greater Seoul can be characterized by the dominance of Seoul City over the region. The exceptions are the cities of Inchon and Suwon which maintain their own spheres of labor markets.