S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) Journal Papers (저널논문_신경과학교실)
흰쥐에서 고용량의 Pilocarpine에 의하여 유발된 간질중첩증의 양상
EEG Patterns of High dose Pilocarpine-Induced Status Epilepticus in Rats
- 이경목; 정기영; 김재문
- Issue Date
- 대한임상신경생리학회지, Vol.2 No.2, pp. 119-124
- Background : We studied EEG changes during pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus(SE), a widely used model whose EEG characteristics have not been fully described previously.
Methods : Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250-350 grams were used as subjects. SE was induced 5-7 days after placement of chronic epidural electrodes, using 360-380 mg/Kg pilocarpine IP. Rats were observed with continuous EEG recording
following pilocarpine injection until end of the SE episode.
Results : SE occurred in 10/12 rats studied. SE began with a series of discrete seizures 11.1±3.93 minutes after pilocarpine injection. 5.2±2.71 seizures occurred over 10.9±4.62 minutes, until the EEG converted to a waxing and waning pattern, during which the amplitude and frequency of epileptiform activity increased. After 1.4±1.82 minutes, a pattern of continuous high amplitude rapid spiking was established. Continuous spiking continued for 3.4±0.48 hours with a very gradual decline in amplitude and frequency, until periodic epileptiform discharges(PEDs) began to occur. The EEG consisted primarily of PEDs for another 7.4±3.09 hours, until electrographic generalized seizures began to occur. These continued for 5.8±4.82 hours until death. Duration of SE was 17.0±5.88 hours. Flat periods were a prominent feature during all EEG patterns in this model.
Conclusion : EEG features distinctive in pilocarpine SE(but not unique to it) include flat periods during all patterns and resumption of continuous spiking episodes after the onset of PEDs. The sequence of discrete seizures to waxing and waning to continuous spiking to PEDs was identical to that which has been described in humans and other animal models.
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