S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 45 Number 1/2 (2009)
ㄷ 不規則動詞의 歷史的 變化
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.45 No.1, pp. 157-175
- This paper is intended to be an investigation of the historical change of t-irregular
verbs in Korean. In Korean, some verbs which have stem final -t change t to l before a vowel. Verbs of this kind are called “t-irregular verbs” in Korean grammar. It has been recognized by Korean linguists that there were about 20 t-irregular verb stems in Middle Korean. Some verbs became obsolete and others underwent morphological change. As far as Seoul Korean is concerned, changes took two directions. Some t-irregular verb stems had changed to -l final verb stems by the Middle Korean period and others to –lɨ final verb stems by the beginning of the Contemporary Korean period; for example, kit/kil- (‘draw’), tatʌt/tatʌl- (‘arrive’) changed to kil-, tatʌli-. In Contemporary Korean, there are just a few t-irregular verb stems.