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설명할 수 없는 공포와 말해서는 안 되는 욕망 : 지킬 박사와 어터쓴 씨의 불안한/불온한 섹슈얼리티
Nameless Fear and Unspeakable Desire : The Precarious Sexualities of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Utterson

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Authors
최수정
Issue Date
2014-05-10
Publisher
서울대학교 인문대학 영어영문학과
Citation
영학논집, Vol.34, pp. 1-18
Keywords
Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. HydeRobert Louis Stevensonhomosexual panicEve Kosofsky Sedgwickdualityhomosexualitymasculinity
Abstract
스티븐슨(Robert Louis Stevenson)의 『지킬 박사와 하이드 씨의 이상한 사건』(Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde; 이하 『지킬과 하이드』로 표기)은 런던 거리를 걷던 어터쓴 씨(Mr. Utterson)가 산책의 동반자인 엔필드 씨(Mr. Enfield)로부터 자신들이 현재 서 있는 뒷골목(by-street)의 한 뒷문 앞에서 하이드 씨(Mr. Hyde)를 목격한 일을 전해들은 뒤, 집으로 돌아와 금고의 “가장 은밀한 부분”(the most private part)에 넣어둔 지킬 박사(Dr. Jekyll)의 유언장을 꺼내보는 것으로 시작된다. 지킬의 사망이나 3개월 이상의 “실종이나 설명되지 않은 부재”(disappearance or unexplained absence; 261) 시에 하이드에게 전 재산을 물려주라는 유언장의 내용은 어터쓴으로 하여금 처음에는 지킬의 “광기”(madness)를, 엔필드의 목격담을 들은 뒤에는 “불명예”(disgrace; 262)를 우려하게 만든다. 서사의 시간상 끝부분에서 이 도입부는 다시 변주된다. 「창가에서의 일」(“Incident at the Window”) 장에서 언제나처럼 함께 산책을 하던 어느 일요일 어터쓴과 엔필드는 처음의 그 장소, 즉 지킬의 집으로 통하는 뒷문 앞에 다시 멈춰서고 엄청난 공포의 일별을 경험한다.
Robert Louis Stevenson’s Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is clearly a men’s narrative, a dominant theme of which is their desires and the repression of it. The narrative focuses on the anxiety that accompanies (homo)social male bonding among the contemporary bachelor-professional class, demonstrated by Hyde and the unspeakable fear he provokes. This nameless anxiety is associated with “homosexual panic,” the term Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick suggests both as a regulating force in Victorian society and as “one of the most distinctive of Gothic tropes.” One of the central themes is the concept of duality. While the very existence of Jekyll and Hyde proves “the thorough and primitive duality of man,” various comparisons, such as east-end/west-end London, day/night, home/street, etc., further stress and fill out dual lives of Jekyll/Hyde. Jekyll tries to satisfy his secretive, private desire in the disguise of Hyde, at the same time keeping his public reputation safe. When Utterson, as a normative heterosexual male representative, becomes suspicious of Jekyll and Hyde’s relationship, he feels a deep-rooted fear which he can only describe as “something” in Hyde. The existence of Hyde and his secretive, unutterable private activities with Jekyll allude to the potential of a homosexual relationship between them, which is exactly what Utterson suspects. However, in the final scene, Hyde’s position is symbolically substituted by Utterson, implying that his reputation as a normative male in this society is always precarious at best, so far as he is constantly anxious about the very possibility of having it challenged.
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/92456
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College of Humanities (인문대학)English Language and Literature (영어영문학과)영학논집(English Studies)영학논집(English Studies) No.34 (2014)
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