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Biomechanical analysis of fusion segment rigidity upon stress at both the fusion and adjacent segments : A comparison between unilateral and bilateral pedicle screw fixation

Cited 17 time in Web of Science Cited 21 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Ho-Joong; Kang, Kyoung-Tak; Chang, Bong-Soon; Lee, Choon-Ki; Kim, Jang-Woo; Yeom, Jin S.
Issue Date
2014-09
Publisher
Yonsei University College of Medicine
Citation
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.55 No.5, pp. 1386-1394
Keywords
의약학Unilateral pedicle screw fixationlumbar fusion surgeryadjacent segment degenerationfinite element model
Abstract
PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of unilateral pedicle screw fixation on the fusion segment and the superior adjacent segment after one segment lumbar fusion using validated finite element models.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Four L3-4 fusion models were simulated according to the extent of decompression and the method of pedicle screws fixation in L3-4 lumbar fusion. These models included hemi-laminectomy with bilateral pedicle screw fixation in the L3-4 segment (BF-HL model), total laminectomy with bilateral pedicle screw fixation (BF-TL model), hemi-laminectomy with unilateral pedicle screw fixation (UF-HL model), and total laminectomy with unilateral pedicle screw fixation (UF-TL model). In each scenario, intradiscal pressures, annulus stress, and range of motion at the L2-3 and L3-4 segments were analyzed under flexion, extension, lateral bending, and torsional moments.RESULTS:Under four pure moments, the unilateral fixation leads to a reduction in increment of range of motion at the adjacent segment, but larger motions were noted at the fusion segment (L3-4) in the unilateral fixation (UF-HL and UF-TL) models when compared to bilateral fixation. The maximal von Mises stress showed similar patterns to range of motion at both superior adjacent L2-3 segments and fusion segment.CONCLUSION:The current study suggests that unilateral pedicle screw fixation seems to be unable to afford sufficient biomechanical stability in case of bilateral total laminectomy. Conversely, in the case of hemi-laminectomy, unilateral fixation could be an alternative option, which also has potential benefit to reduce the stress of the adjacent segment.
ISSN
0513-5796
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/92634
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2014.55.5.1386
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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