S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Vol.04, No.01/02 (2014)
The ‘Universal Nomos’ of the Versailles Peace System and the Different Dreams of Korea and Japan : National Self-Determination and Racial Equality
- Kim, Soongbae; Kim, Myongsob
- Issue Date
- Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR), Vol.4 No.1, pp. 93-134
- Versailles Peace System; nomos; national self-determination; League of Nations; racial equality; Asian solidarity
- This study deals with Korea’s pursuit of national self-determination during the time the Versailles Peace System was being made and how their pursuit was obstructed. In addition, this study illustrates how the Covenant of the League of Nations within the Versailles Peace System was an obstacle to Japan’s pursuit of racial equality. The conclusions of this paper are as follows. First, the Versailles Peace System attempted to establish a ‘universal nomos.’ However, the principle of national self-determination was only applied to the European sphere, while Korean national self-determination was not accepted within the Versailles Peace System; instead, the Japanese Asian Monroe Doctrine was implemented. In this framework, Korea was considered only as part of Japan. Second, as a member of the victorious ‘Big Five’, Japan attempted to insert a racial equality provision into the preamble of the Covenant of the League of Nations, without success. This frustration led to an increased skepticism on the universality of the nomos of the Versailles Peace System and further nourished Japan’s war ideology of Greater East Asia (Daitoa, 大東亞).